International Political Forum: Holy Crap: How Haiti's Human Waste is Being Used for the Better
By the International Political Forum, August 20, 2013. Original post available here.
The earthquake of 2010 devastated Haiti – since then it has perpetually struggled to re-build itself and for those that have chosen to keep an eye on this impoverished Island we have seen few success stories. Corruption, insufficient and ill organised foreign aid and news of the deadly wave of cholera that swept the Island are the only stories that leaked out onto our news pages.
Only 16% of rural Haitians and 50% of those in cities have access to sanitation facilities, since the earthquake Haiti’s human waste has been taken to the city’s dumping ground, the waste is then traveling through the ground water and into drinking water making it toxic. These poor sanitary conditions acted as a breeding ground for cholera. The disease spread quick and fast erupting into the worlds largest cholera epidemic with more than half a million people in Haiti contracting the disease in the last two years and over 7,000 people dying from the rapid dehydration and lack of medical facilities to save them. So many deaths reveal a global failure to act, the situation was made all the more alarming when it was revealed that United Nations peacekeepers were the probable cause, bringing the disease over from Nepal and contaminating the river. A responsibility the UN still fails to recognise.
Alas, the NGO Sustainable Organic Integrated Livelihoods (SOIL) has been working successfully in Haiti since 2006 and is one of a few success stories for the country. They have been working effectively transforming waste into resource and empowering local communities. They have successfully built 200 toilets so far where the urine is separated from the solid waste. The solid waste is then taken to a composting site where it is covered in Bagasse, a by product of sugar cane. Over the next few days the temperature of the compost rises , effectively killing any viruses contained in the human waste. It doesn’t end there – the waste is then used to fertilise the ground, creating a sustainable ecological system. Perhaps human waste, the cause of so many problems for Haiti could actually be one of its saving graces thanks to the hard work of SOIl and the locals.